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Florida Department of Education



Need Lesson Plans?  Check out these cool, FREE, and helpful lesson plans for multiple grade levels.

*** Many of the following lesson plans are not aligned with Florida Standards, however, cover many topics students will encounter on assessments.  You can apply current standards as needed for classroom use.

Chemical Reactions

1.  A Chemical Curiosity -  Discover a chemical change using baking soda and vinegar. 

2.  A Gas Sudsation-  Make a bubbling chemical reaction out of baking soda, vinegar…and a little gas.

3.  A Plaster Master or a Plaster Disaster-  Plaster is made from calcium chemicals.  When mixed with water, it hardens, making it great for building materials.  See how well calcium works when it gets mixed with other liquids.

4.  Bubble & Squeak-  This unit is about increasing the children’s understanding that food changes as a result of both chemical and technological processes.  They will observe changes to food through observation, experimentation and cooking.  The children will observe and classify everyday materials using various criteria.  They identify and describe changes in materials through cooking.  This is a 4 week unit.

5.  Changes in Matter- Chocolate-  A very interesting multidisciplinary less on Changes in Matter with Chocolate

6.  Changes with Acids & Bases-  A science lesson on Acids and Bases for the earlier grades.

7.  Chemical Reaction-CuC12 + H20 + Al-  This dramatic chemical reaction demonstration turns aluminum foil into copper with a memorable smell.

8.  Disappearing Statues-  Find out how acid rain breaks down material.

9.  Find Out Why Leaves Change Color-  Does a Physical or Chemical change occur When leaves change color?  Why do leaves change color?  Find out in this activity.

10.  Food Chemistry- Acid- Base-  Here’s a lesson on Food Chemistry; Acids and Bases in particular.

11.  Heat Up to Some Cool Reactions -  All chemical reactions have one thing in common:  Temperature change.  Learn the difference between chemical reactions that cause temperature to go up or down.

12.  Invisible Ink-  Students will be introduced to the concept of chemical change when they observe the chemical change that occurs between vinegar or lemon juice and heat.

13.  It’s a Gas-  Some chemical reactions make things that we can’t see.  So how do we know something is there?  See for yourself.

14.  Lose the Blues with CO2-  Carbon dioxide is one of life’s most essential gases.  Make a chemical reaction using vinegar acid to see how much carbon dioxide is in the atmosphere.

15.  Milk Makes Me Sick-  In this Lab, Discover which liquids have lactose and which do not.

16.  Oxygen- The 21% Solution-  Did you know oxygen causes things to rust?  Well…sort of.  Observe this rusting chemical reaction to see how oxygen gets used up.

17.  Physical & Chemical Reactions-  This lesson features seven experiments exploring physical vs. chemical reactions and how to increase their rate.

18.  Polishing Pennies-  Find the best liquid to make some old pennies shine like new.

19.  Pop Rockets-  Learn how to launch your own rocket with this fun experiment.

20.  Rust- The Crust that Makes Stuff Bust-  Discover which materials make steel wool rust.

21.  The Fate of Calcium Carbonate-  Calcium carbonate is a chemical found in eggshells, seashells, and many other materials.  Observe how calcium carbonate reacts with common liquids.

22.  What’s the Solution-  A lesson on acids and bases.

Incorporate the Scientific Method

1.  Baggie Science- This activity introduces students to the idea of chemical reactions.

2.  Mystery Powders- Students will learn about chemical and physical reactions through their investigation of several mystery powders.

3.  Now That’s Phun-  A neat pH lab!

4.  Ph- Acids & Bases-  Determine the pH of water in this activity that teaches on chemical changes.

5.  Red, Green & Blue Mystery Liquids  Hypothesis or Inference- Students are actively involved in the scientific method and inquiry as they form quick hypotheses based upon a teacher set of mystery liquids.

6.  The Biochemical Guessing Game-  Students perform chemical tests to learn what foods contain carbohydrates, lipids, and /or proteins.

7.  What’s Going on Here- What happens to matter when it undergoes a physical and chemical change?  Find out in these experiments.

8.  Wow, That’s Hot & Cold-  Examines endothermic versus exothermic reactions.

Physical Properties of Matter

1.  A State Debate-  Is shaving cream a solid, liquid, or a gas?

2.  Air- It’s Really There-   Does air take up space?  Use this activity to find out.

3.  Break the Tension- A water experiment on surface tension.

4.  Bubbly Adventure- In this activity you will study the solubility of gas in water at different temperatures to see whether temperature changes this property.

5.  Changes in Matter-  In this web quest project, students discover how the water cycle relates to changes in matter.

6.  Changes of State of Matter-  This is a good lesson plan on Changes of State of Matter.

7.  Changing the Freezing Point of Water with Salt-  Students look at changing the water freezing point by using salt.

8.  Cold Facts- How does the volume of water change when it changes state from solid to liquid?

9.  Cool it and Pool it-  Learn what causes moisture to appear on the outside of a cold cup.

10.  Crystal Creations-  Grow spikes of crystals in the sun.

11.  Dancing Raisins- Raisins are heavy enough to sink if you put them in water. What do you think will happen if you put them in soda?

12.  Densities- Coke vs. Diet Coke- To demonstrate: those things that look the same can have different densities.

13.  Density-  Students will see the effects of density when a variety of liquids are poured on top of each other and when a variety of objects are dropped into each one.

14.  Diapers- The Inside Story- All polymers aren't goopy like putty.

15.  Discovering the Properties of Oobleck-  Students will work with a substance called Oobleck.  Children’s literature can be incorporated into this activity by reading Bartholomew and the Oobleck by Dr. Seuss.  Oobleck has the properties of a solid and a liquid.  Students will be amazed at what they see!

16.  Evaporation Exploration-  Test how fast moisture evaporates using different materials.

17.  Fabulous Flubber- In this activity, you can color a material that is fabulously flexible.

18.  Foam it- This experiment uses a yeast solution, liquid detergent such as Dawn, and hydrogen peroxide to produce an exciting reaction like no other!

19.  From Goo to Glue- In this activity, you will be a glue inventor!

20.  Frosty the Snowcan-  How does frost form?  Try this activity to find out.

21.  Gas Pressure- It’s in the Bag- Create gas pressure and learn how it is used.

22.  Glitter Slime- In this activity, you will make a slimy substance very similar to mucus, and sprinkle it with glitter to imitate the way that allergens are trapped.

23.  Goop to Go- In this activity, you'll make 2 squishy polymers by mixing different liquids.

24.  Ice- The Hard Facts  What happens when salt is poured on ice?

25.  Ick Can Stick- Did you know you can make glue from milk? Try this experiment and the results will “stick” with you for a long time.

26.  Introduction to Gas, Liquid, and Solids-  The entire class models molecular behavior in this clever gas-liquid-solid lesson.

27.   Layer the Solids-  This lesson plan is on Liquids and their different Densities and Weights

28.  Lose Some Mass- It’s a Gas-  Compare how quickly water and rubbing alcohol evaporate.

29.  Make Ice Cream in a Baggie30.  Sinking vs. Floating-  A Science lesson on Density

31.  Solid or Liquid- Did you know that you can change matter?  Cornstarch and water.

32.  Solids, Liquids, and Gases-  A series of experiments about the phases of matter.

33.  The Magical Diving Sub- In this two-day exploration, students use their background knowledge of how scientists work to discuss and predict if a given object will sink or float. They record these predictions on a data sheet. They then test the objects and organize them into floating/sinking groups. Students also Observe the floating and sinking of a toy submarine and infer what is causing the sub to float or sink.     
34.  The Power of Ice- We have seen that water increases in volume as it turns solid. What do you think will happen to a closed container that is completely filled with water and then cooled?

35.  The Properties of Water Unit- Huge Unit on the properties of water.

36.  Warm it Up- Have you ever noticed that puddles seem to dry up faster on a warm day than on a cool day?

Microscopic Matter

1.  Air Atoms- Hitting a can with a pencil causes the atoms that make up the can to vibrate. These metal atoms move and bump into each other. What do you think will happen to the atoms in the surrounding air when the metal atoms bump into them?

2.  Comparing Elements and Compounds with the Venn Diagram-Compare elements to compounds.

3.  Do the Research!  Elements-  State some facts about elements.

4.  Edible Atoms-  This is a good idea called “Edible Atom” for studying the Periodic Table and Atoms.

5.  Element Names 1

6.  Element Names 2

7.  Element Names 3
8.  Element Symbols 1

9.  Element Symbols 2

10. Element Symbols 3
11.  Element & Compounds KWL Worksheet
12.   Element & Compounds Word Search Worksheet
13.  Element & Compounds Vocabulary List & Definitions
14.  Element & Compounds vocabulary Quiz
15.  If I Were a…Worksheet on Chemical Elements
16.  Making Molecules- Joining elements to make molecules.

17.  Moving Molecules- If an object is sitting still, what are its molecules doing?

18.  Moving Molecules Game-  Students will imitate the movement of molecules in a variety of situations to assist them to visualize and better understand the concept of the constant motion of molecules.

19.  Needle Through a Balloon- This lesson can be utilized in a unit on Chemistry specifically when discussing various molecules. One kind of molecule is the polymer. This demonstration and/or hands-on activity can allow children to experience the polymer.

20.  Parts of an Atom- Label the parts of the atom in this picture.

21.  Periodic Table- A Picture of the periodic table.

22.  Seeing is Believing- If atoms are too small to see, how do scientists know they are there?

Scientific Method- Basics

1.  Introduction to Scientific Method- Practice with hypothesis-  Learn about hypothesis.

2.  Introduction to Scientific Method- Understanding dependent & independent variables
3.  Introduction to Scientific Method-The main objective of this lesson is to get the students involved in a class activity while introducing the process of the scientific method.                                                                  

4.  Introduction to Scientific Method 2

5. Jellybean Graph-  This is a short, yummy activity that teaches students how to graph.

6. Jellybean Sort- This is a short, yummy activity that teaches students how to sort.

7.  Jellybean Sort Record Page-This is a short, yummy activity that teaches how the record data.

8.  Lab Report- Investigate the Scientific Method in this lab by determining if an acorn weighs more than a magnet.

9.  Observations- To observe and gather data concerning the earthworm.  To determine the effects of light and incline on the behavior of the earthworm.

10.  Observe a leaf-  A science lesson on leaves and observation (uses some math).

11.  Observing a leaf-Learn observation skills by “Observing a Leaf”.

12.  Oyster Shell Observation-  Students use oyster shells to observe and identify specific attributes and communicate those in writing to other classmates. This activity helps students to master proper scientific observation and communication .

13.  Practice with the Scientific Method-  Learn the Scientific Method in this activity.

14.  Science Vocabulary Builder- Learn vocabulary skills.

15.  Scientific Method Conclusion- Adjectives Worksheet-  Write adjectives describing conclusions.

16.  Scientific Method Hypothesis- Adjectives Worksheet- Write adjectives describing hypothesis.

17.  Scientific Method Lesson-  Students decide on a question and investigate the Scientific Method.

18.  Scientific Method Outline-  Outline to the Scientific Method.

19.  Scientific Method Problem- Adjectives Worksheet- Write adjectives describing what a “Problem” is.

20.  Scientific Method Vocabulary-  Vocabulary on the Scientific Method.

Science Project Ideas

1.  Carrot Tops
Can a Plant grow from nothing but the top of a Carrot? Find out with this Experiment

2.  Creating a Salad Dressing-Scientific Method

3.  Creating a Salad Dressing- Scientific Method Form

4.  Crowding in an Ecosystem-This Experiment looks at the effects of a Dense Plant Population

5.  Expanding on Ice- A science experiment on “expanding ice”.

6.  Glubber & Glue Putty-  What do you get when you mix Borax with Glue?  Find out in this Science Experiment.

7.  Is the Glass Really Full-  Find out how many pennies can be added to a full glass of water? 

8.  Lights Out- An Experiment that asks if Plants need Sunlight to be Green

9. Magic Balloons, Dancing Paper Dolls, & Curling Water-  This Experiment looks at whether Electricity can be make to do Work.

10.  Rainbow on the Wall-  Want to make a Rainbow?  This Experiment tells you how.

11.  Water Flow in Plants-Here's a Science Experiment that asks "Can Water Travel Through Plant Stems?"

Here are some helpful websites that have great lesson plans in all grades and subjects:

HotChalk Lesson Plans

A to Z Teacher Stuff

Scholastic Teachers Lesson Plans

Lesson Planz

Click on the titles below for additional information.  We have many lesson plans and/or videos.

Physical & Chemical Changes
Scienctific Method
States of Matter
Solution and Mixtures
Water Cycle
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